Almost all developers have faced a parsing data task. Needs can be different – from a product catalog to parsing stock pricing. Parsing is a very popular direction in back-end development; there are specialists creating quality parsers and scrapers. Besides, this theme is very interesting and appeals to the tastes of everyone who enjoys web. Today we review php tools used in parsing web content.
We want to show how one can make a Curl download file from a server. See comments in the code as explanations.
// open file descriptor $fp = fopen ("image.png", 'w+') or die('Unable to write a file'); // file to download $ch = curl_init('http://scraping.pro/ewd64.png'); // enable SSL if needed curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER, false); // output to file descriptor curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_FILE, $fp); curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION, 1); // set large timeout to allow curl to run for a longer time curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_TIMEOUT, 1000); curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_USERAGENT, 'any'); // Enable debug output curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_VERBOSE, true); curl_exec($ch); curl_close($ch); fclose($fp);
Most of developers stuck with the cookie handlng in web scraping. Sure it’s a tricky thing and this once has been my stumbling stone too. So here mainly for new scraing engineers i’d like to share of how to handle cookie in web scraping when using PHP. We’ve already done the post on scrape by cURL in PHP, so here we’ll only focus on a cookie side. The cookie is a small piece of data sent from a website and stored in a user’s web browser while the user is browsing that website. So when browser requests a page and along with web content cookie is returned browser does all the dirty job to store cookie and later send them back to server which rendered that web page in following web requests.